The Balfour Declaration
The British Mandate
    The roots of the current conflict between Jews and Arabs in the Mideast go back to a dual set of promises made by Britain during the First World War.  One was to those who called for a Jewish state and is known as the Balfour Declaration.  The other was to Arab leaders called on to rebel against Turkish rule.  Britain ended up ruling the area until Israel became an independent state in 1948.

Can there be peace in the Mideast?
    Read up on the background of the current conflict in this CNN special report.